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Graphik: Bulletpoint Abstracts issue 1/2020 (English)

Melanie Schaur/ Angela Wegscheider: Care for a Living or Life in Care? Housing and Independent Living for Persons with Disabilities in Austria

In the area of housing for persons with disabilities, which is structured differently in the Austrian Länder, there exist stationary, mobile, assistive and monetary services. This article presents the results of a comparative study on these services in Upper Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Vorarlberg. The legal framework was compared by using a document analysis and the performance of services, in the years 2008 to 2016, was then contrasted with a secondary data analysis. The research objective was to explore the way in which housing and assistance services in the individual Länder have developed. The results indicate that developments of the designs and offers do not necessarily converge with the demands of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The different formats of social reports led to precarious and incomplete data collections, which made it difficult to compare legally similar services. The number of recipients of residential care declined in Upper Austria and Vorarlberg, while no data for time course analysis were available for Styria, Carinthia and Tyrol. The budget for residential care declined in the reviewed Länder, while the available funds for mobile, assistive and monetary services increased. The development analysis showed that the process of de-institutionalization, i. e. the reduction of residential care, is slow.

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